November 11th, 2014 by Doris Kinney
To start, what are golf balls?
Golf balls are the tiny balls with the surface covered in dimples. As the name shows, these are balls used to play golf. They are hit around the course using a golf club; the game is considered done when one of the players is able to place his golf ball inside the hole assigned per round. Golf balls weigh just about 1.620 oz, or 45.93 grams. They have a diameter of 1.680 inches or 42.67 mm. Golf standards demand that golf makers follow that measurement. In fact, golf makers, before they are able to sell their golf balls to the public, should be able pass a certain requirement.
This is the testing and approval for a golf ball, done by the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St. Andrews or R&A for short, and the United States Golf Association, or the USGA. These are the two official associations for golf; they work together to create and regularly revise the “Rules of Golf.” This is the official standards rule book of the game; it is made up of the standards set for the adequate range of performance. For example, there is a section on the Rules of Golf which talks about the minimum and maximum allowable golf balls flight characteristics, distance, symmetry, and velocity.
In general, there are three basic types of golf ball available for the player. The first is the recreational ball. As made obvious by its name, it is the golf ball often used during casual or informal games. This is the type of ball often carried by a common golf player. This is also the most known golf ball. This particular type is characterized by having low compression and a reduction in sides pin characteristics. With this, it is often recommended to players who are more comfortable delivering low swing speeds. The speed is considered low when it falls just around 80 to 100 miles per hour.
The other classification of golf ball is the practice ball. Also known as the range ball, this certain type of ball is patterned closely to the recreational ball, but is created as cheaply as possible. It is still durable though, and has the same performance as the common golf ball. It, however, has a shorter flight distance and does not contain certain features that make it appropriate for a casual game. Because of its low price and lack of better flight characteristics, it is best for players who are still training to improve their drives and who often end up losing their balls during the game.
The last of the three common types of golf ball is the best of the bunch. This ball, called the advanced ball, is a multilayered one that is created for professional and highly skilled players. Because it has three or more layers, it is able to produce a higher amount of sides pins, especially when players aim for lofted shots using the wedges. An advanced ball is also very tiring to use for inexperienced players because it requires the player to hit it with an above-average swing speed so that it would compress upon impact.
However, one cannot just hit the advanced ball as strong as he can because the swing speed should be able to match the provided golf ball compression. Matching the two allows the player to maximize the flight distance. Under- or over-compression would only lead to loss of flight distance. In addition, this particular golf ball type is substantially more costly than other types. These pro-level balls are often seen during sanctioned games and professional trainings.
October 31st, 2014 by Belinda Keefer
E liquids contain PG or propylene glycol agent as one of its primary ingredients. It is a synthetic liquid chemical that absorbs water. PG is a humectant food additive that helps other elements or chemicals that would not usually combine with other ingredients. PG is used in making polyester compounds and as a base for de-icing solutions. It is widely used in pharmaceutical, chemical, and food industries.
The US FDA recognized propylene glycol as a safe component of e liquid. Its metabolic pathway is similar to that of sugar. Propylene glycol is also present in some food products, medicines, or cosmetics. It is also used as a sweetener.
Propylene glycol is used in e-cigarettes and acts as a diluent for the flavorings and nicotine. This substance helps combine all the other components to produce the throat hit.
US Senator Bill Nelson on Eliquid Use
The e cigarette market is growing at a fast rate, prompting concerns regarding product safety, particularly the danger of children swallowing of e liquid used in the e-cigs. The containers have attractive names such as juicy juice, banana split, and naked peach which according to critics may attract children who might think of the bottles as candy.
United States Senator Bill Nelson, together with other senators, is calling for regulations of the small containers. He introduced the 2014 Child Nicotine Poisoning Prevention Act, a bill that would address the Consumer Product Safety Commission to focus on the safety of the children and create a childproof packaging for any e liquids sold in the market.
According to Sen. Bill Nelson if in other medicines the manufacturers can childproof it, why it cannot be done in e liquid.
The liquid nicotine is available as a potent liquid form with different concentrations. Even small amounts of the liquid can cause seizures and vomiting if not used properly. It can also be lethal. Careful handling is necessary to prevent it from being absorbed in the skin or ingested.
Although there have been some reports to poison control centers about the liquid nicotine exposure, the popularity of e-cigarettes remain the high.
The Popularity of E-Cigarettes
The popularity of e-cigarettes have risen because they are known as safe alternatives to regular cigarettes, without the harmful chemicals. The e liquids used in e-cig normally contains solvents, flavoring, and nicotine. Some users are not aware of what they are actually inhaling. There are some who are using the product because it is popular these days. Before using an e-cig, it is best that you carry out some research first and determine the right level of nicotine you should use to avoid harmful effects.
The FDA or Food and Drug Administration plans to release guidelines on the unregulated e liquids and e-cigarettes. Manufacturers of e-cigarettes should make sure that they follow the rules concerning the childproof requirement. There are some children who are also into e-cig since it is not regulated and they have easy access over the product.
The main purpose of manufacturing the e-cig is to help the traditional heavy cigarette smokers quit smoking. However, there are some who thought that it is also safe for children due to lack of awareness about the product. Senator Bill Nelson is concerned about the effects of e-cig in children that is why he is pursuing a bill in regulating the product.
There are some manufacturers who have acted ahead of the regulation. Some e-cigs today are being sold in childproof and tamper resistance bottles. This will prevent accidentally nicotine poisoning in children. Also, the companies have manufactured e liquids in different strengths up to 2.4% nicotine and are available in the market from 12 ml to 120 ml.